Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, or PCOS as it is commonly known, is a very prevalent reproductive disorder in women and theleading cause of infertility among
women today. A study revealed that one in five women suffer from PCOS with East India leading the chart.
The increasing trend of PCOS is predominantly seen in the age group 15 to 30 years. East India shows alarming levels of 25.88% women affected by PCOS, followed by 18.62% in North India, which can be largely attributed to lack of awareness among young women and ignorance.
Commenting on the study Dr. Sonali Kolte, Metropolis Healthcare Ltd said, “Undiagnosed PCOS can lead to infertility and in long term can cause several health complications; which can be attributed to other factors as well. Early diagnosis and treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent health related problems. Today a lot of young women are aware of the condition and seek medical help.’
It is a common misconception that PCOS is all about cysts but it is in fact a characteristic amalgamation of cosmetic, gynecological and metabolic symptoms.
Cosmetic symptoms include facial hair, thinning of the scalp and acne.
Gynecological symptoms include irregular or scanty periods which are usually the first red flag in adolescents.
Infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss affects the women in the reproductive age. PCOS in older women could even lead to cancer of the uterus, cardiac disease and type 2 diabetes. Hence it is important to manage the symptom along with proper diet and exercise. Awareness and accurate diagnosis is the first step in managing PCOS in a way that it improves quality of life of the patient. Women with PCOS may have enlarged ovaries that contain small collection of fluids called cyst. The cysts are not harmful, but can lead to hormonal imbalances.